Historical Sign Language Database
Georgetown University
February 26, 2024

Search: WHO

BOOKS:
Entry ID Book Source Reference Gloss Author’s gloss Description Page URL
839Higgins (1923) WHOWHOWHO: Right index tip, palm inward, moved around pursed lips, and pointing inward. (Which) (Whom) (Whose: "Who" and vertical right palm pushed to one side or towards the possessor).147hsldb.georgetown.edu/books/book-window.php?id=839&refid=higgins1923
36Long (1918) WHOWHOWHO: Purse the lips as in pronouncing "who," then pointing the forefinger at the mouth, a few inches away, move the end of the finger around in a circle. As interrogative, express inquiry on face or make "?" in air with forefinger. II,18.18hsldb.georgetown.edu/books/book-window.php?id=36&refid=long1918
40Long (1918) WHO~3P-POSSWHOSEWHOSE: Sign for "who" followed by possessive sign.18hsldb.georgetown.edu/books/book-window.php?id=40&refid=long1918
39Long (1918) WHO~THATWHOMWHOM: Same as "who" but is sometimes expressed by "who" followed by the sign for the demonstrative "that," or the sign for "him," omitting the male sign.18hsldb.georgetown.edu/books/book-window.php?id=39&refid=long1918
648Michaels (1923) WHOWHOWHO: 1. Pass the index finger around the face. 2. Look left and right a little.136hsldb.georgetown.edu/books/book-window.php?id=648&refid=michaels1923
650Michaels (1923) WHO~3P-POSSWHOSEWHOSE: 1. Pass the index finger around the face. 2. Push the palm of the hand toward the object.137hsldb.georgetown.edu/books/book-window.php?id=650&refid=michaels1923
649Michaels (1923) WHO~obj-caseWHOMWHOM: 1. Pass the index finger around the face. 2. Move the hand out forward and turn the palm upward to show objective.136hsldb.georgetown.edu/books/book-window.php?id=649&refid=michaels1923
FILMS:
Tag ID Signer(Year) Reference Gloss   Context Segment URL
13Cloud (1913) WHON/ATWO~HUNDRED YEAR AND BEYOND AGO DAY~NOW TRUE BORN IN pn:FRANCE MALE ONE WHO FUTURE BECOME LOOK-AT 3P-IX(lc,rf) ESTABLISH DEAF TEACH+ AND(rf) FATHER SIGN, C-H-A-R-L-E-S M-I-C-H-E-L D-E L-'-E-P-E-E.1hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=cloud&glossid=13
82Cloud (1913) WHON/A3P-SELF DEVIATE FROM fs:THE WAY GLORY PEOPLE BEFORE FOLLOW AND MAKE NEW WAY AND MOST FOR 3P-SELF IN gs:WHAT FUTURE(2h) FOLLOW BY S-I-C-A-R-D, C-L-E-R-C, fs:THE G-A-L-L-A-U-D-E-T-S AND ALL WHO UP-TILL-NOW WHO FUTURE BECOME TRUE FRIEND TEACH~AGENT DEAF.3hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=cloud&glossid=82
84Cloud (1913) WHON/A3P-SELF DEVIATE FROM fs:THE WAY GLORY PEOPLE BEFORE FOLLOW AND MAKE NEW WAY AND MOST FOR 3P-SELF IN gs:WHAT FUTURE(2h) FOLLOW BY S-I-C-A-R-D, C-L-E-R-C, fs:THE G-A-L-L-A-U-D-E-T-S AND ALL WHO UP-TILL-NOW WHO FUTURE BECOME TRUE FRIEND TEACH~AGENT DEAF.3hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=cloud&glossid=84
243Cloud (1913) WHON/ABUT D-E L-E-P-E-E WHO ESTABLISH TEACH DEAF WORLD MUST WORTH HAVE ONE SUPERIOR HONOR KNOW~STAY FROM(rf)1P-IX-PL THAN 1P-IX-PL HAVE NOW.12hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=cloud&glossid=243
290Cloud (1913) WHON/AALLOW 1P-IX-PL ESTABLISH UNDER N-A-D CONTROL AT INDEFINITE AREA FUTURE DECIDE, ONE SHAPE BECOME STAY KNOW~STAY AND CONTINUE SHOW(rt-to-lc) fs:OF LOVE HONOR pn:AMERICA DEAF HAVE FOR MALE THAT(1h) WHO ESTABLISH FIRST(2h) fs:PUBLIC SCHOOL FOR DEAF, WHO ESTABLISH MOST SUCCEED WAY TEACH DEAF, WHO GIVE DEAF FINGERSPELLING, WHO(rf) GIVE(rf) DEAF SIGN, C-H-A-R-L-E-S M-I-C-H-E-L D-E L-'-E-P-E-E.13hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=cloud&glossid=290
297Cloud (1913) WHON/AALLOW 1P-IX-PL ESTABLISH UNDER N-A-D CONTROL AT INDEFINITE AREA FUTURE DECIDE, ONE SHAPE BECOME STAY KNOW~STAY AND CONTINUE SHOW(rt-to-lc) fs:OF LOVE HONOR pn:AMERICA DEAF HAVE FOR MALE THAT(1h) WHO ESTABLISH FIRST(2h) fs:PUBLIC SCHOOL FOR DEAF, WHO ESTABLISH MOST SUCCEED WAY TEACH DEAF, WHO GIVE DEAF FINGERSPELLING, WHO(rf) GIVE(rf) DEAF SIGN, C-H-A-R-L-E-S M-I-C-H-E-L D-E L-'-E-P-E-E.13hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=cloud&glossid=297
304Cloud (1913) WHON/AALLOW 1P-IX-PL ESTABLISH UNDER N-A-D CONTROL AT INDEFINITE AREA FUTURE DECIDE, ONE SHAPE BECOME STAY KNOW~STAY AND CONTINUE SHOW(rt-to-lc) fs:OF LOVE HONOR pn:AMERICA DEAF HAVE FOR MALE THAT(1h) WHO ESTABLISH FIRST(2h) fs:PUBLIC SCHOOL FOR DEAF, WHO ESTABLISH MOST SUCCEED WAY TEACH DEAF, WHO GIVE DEAF FINGERSPELLING, WHO(rf) GIVE(rf) DEAF SIGN, C-H-A-R-L-E-S M-I-C-H-E-L D-E L-'-E-P-E-E.13hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=cloud&glossid=304
308Cloud (1913) WHON/AALLOW 1P-IX-PL ESTABLISH UNDER N-A-D CONTROL AT INDEFINITE AREA FUTURE DECIDE, ONE SHAPE BECOME STAY KNOW~STAY AND CONTINUE SHOW(rt-to-lc) fs:OF LOVE HONOR pn:AMERICA DEAF HAVE FOR MALE THAT(1h) WHO ESTABLISH FIRST(2h) fs:PUBLIC SCHOOL FOR DEAF, WHO ESTABLISH MOST SUCCEED WAY TEACH DEAF, WHO GIVE DEAF FINGERSPELLING, WHO(rf) GIVE(rf) DEAF SIGN, C-H-A-R-L-E-S M-I-C-H-E-L D-E L-'-E-P-E-E.13hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=cloud&glossid=308
6Dougherty (1913) WHON/AALL WORLD LOVE GOOD(rf)~PRAISE MALE WHO INVENT SLEEP.3hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=dougherty&glossid=6
15Dougherty (1913) WHON/AALSO 3P-IX-PL ALL HONOR LOVE DOCTOR WHO INVENT cl-i:OintoB(anesthesia) CAUSE CAN(rf) SLEEP OUT PAIN STOP HAPPEN(rf) cl-i:S(pull-tooth) OR cl:B(amputate-leg) SURGERY(at-lt-chest) SURGERY(at-rt-chest).4hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=dougherty&glossid=15
360Dougherty (1913) WHON/AMALE~DOCTOR FUTURE DIE, 3P-POSS BODY B-U-S-T SHAPE IN W-E-S-T-M-I-N-S-T-E-R A-B-B-E-Y, THERE(up,rf,rt) WHO MANY+(rf) FAMOUS MALE CAPTAIN, GENTRY, KING, ARMY WRITE VARIOUS THERE+++(rt-to-lt) MUCH. 36hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=dougherty&glossid=360
175Fox (1915) WHON/A1P-IX-PL cl-p:CC(gather) ON ONE LARGE WAR LAND~ALL-OVER THAT(1h) WAR FOR(l-hand) cl:CC(set-aside-to-rt) SOME(rc) THAT(1h,rt) LAND(rt) FOR ONE LAST REST PLACE FOR(rc) THAT(1h,rt) ARMY+ WHO HERE GIVE-GIFT(up) 3P-POSS(rc) LIVE SO-AS THAT(2h) NATION CAN LIVE.16hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=fox&glossid=175
215Fox (1915) WHON/ADET-IX(ctr) BRAVE ARMY+ LIVE AND DIE(2h) WHO(l-hand,rf) WAR HERE END MAKE~NEAT MOST THAN 1P-POSS-PL WEAK STRONG CAN ADD+(lc) THEN REMOVE(rc) 21hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=fox&glossid=215
255Fox (1915) WHON/ATRUE GOOD FOR(rf) 1P-IX-PL WHO LIVE HERE FOR CHANGE PAY-ATTENTION(-to-rt) TO(rt) THAT(2h) DO LEAVE-THERE(lc) END(lc) NOT-YET,THAT(2h) DO 3P-SELF+(rt) GIVE(lc) LAST FULL WORTH 3P-POSS(rt) REST23hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=fox&glossid=255
918Gallaudet (1910) WHON/AC-A-R-V-E-R D-O-O-N-E WHO LOVE L-O-R-N-A(l-hand) WANT(lc) MARRY(lc) AND ENVY(l-hand) MUCH THAT(1h) J-O-H-N R-I-D-D SHOOT-PISTOL(-to-lt) SHOOT-PISTOL(-to-lt) L-O-R-N-A cl:1(bullet-hit-body) DURING 3P-IX-PL(rf,lt) STAND NEAR(-to-lt) T-H-E A-L-T-A-R79hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=gallaudet&glossid=918
10Hotchkiss (1913) WHON/AMAYBE 2P-IX-PL(arc,rt-to-lt) APPRECIATE KNOW WHO DET-IX(-to-X) AGENT.2hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=hotchkiss&glossid=10
201McGregor (1913) WHON/ADONT-KNOW WHO LIVE NEAR+ 3P-IX-PL(lt-to-rt) CANT FEEL(deliberate) BROTHER gs:NOTHING UNDERSTAND gs:NOTHING pn:JESUS 3P-POSS(rt) WORD+ 22hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=mcgregor_sermon&glossid=201
329McGregor (1913) WHON/AAND(int) 1P-IX-PL STOP gs:WAIT (rt)ASK-QUESTION(-to-rt) WHO THERE(rt) BLACK~FACE OR YELLOW OR WHITE~FACE OR BROWN(ctr) gs:NOTHING(exp) gs:NOTHING(exp)34hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=mcgregor_sermon&glossid=329
500McGregor (1913) WHON/A3P-IX(lt) TELL-3P(rt) 1P-IX PUT-DOWN+ NAME++ MALE~ALL-OVER WHO GOD(up) 3P-SELF(up) LOVE.47hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=mcgregor_sermon&glossid=500
662McGregor (1913) WHON/APRAY FORGIVE 1P-POSS-PL SIN SO-AS 1P-IX-PL FORGIVE ALL WHO HARM+ 1P-IX-PL pose:bow61hsldb.georgetown.edu/films/tablefilm.php?source=mcgregor_sermon&glossid=662